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Profile Of India
India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world with a kaleidoscopic variety and rich cultural heritage. It has achieved all-round socio-economic progress during the last 67 years of its Independence. India has become self-sufficient in agricultural production and is now one of the top industrialized countries in the world and one of the few nations to have gone into outer space to conquer nature for the benefit of the people. It covers an area of 3,287,590 sq. km (1,269,346 sq. mi), extending from the snow-covered Himalayan heights to the tropical rain forests of the south. As the 7th largest country in the world, India stands apart from the rest of Asia, marked off as it is by mountains and the sea, which give the country a distinct geographical entity. Bounded by the Great Himalayas in the north, it stretches southwards and at the Tropic of Cancer, tapers off into the Indian Ocean between the Bay of Bengal on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west. Lying entirely in the northern hemisphere, the mainland extends between latitudes 8° 4' and 37° 6' north, longitudes 68° 7' and 97° 25' east and measures about 3,214 km from north to south between the extreme latitudes and about 2,933 km from east to west between the extreme longitudes. It has a land frontier of about 15,200 km. The total length of the coastline of the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands and Andaman & Nicobar Islands is 7,516.6.
Haryana is a state in north India. It came into existence on 1 November 1966 as a newly created state carved out of the Punjab state on the basis of language. It has been a part of the Koru region in North India. The name Haryana is found mentioned in the 12th century AD by the Apabhramshawriter Vibudh Shridhar (VS 1189–1230). It is bordered by Punjab andHimachal Pradesh to the north, and by Rajasthan to the west and south. The river Yamuna defines its eastern border with Uttarakhand. Haryana also surrounds the country's capital Delhi on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi. Consequently, a large area of south Haryana is included in the National Capital Region for purposes of planning for development.Area44,212 sq. km (Census 2011) Haryana is also one of the wealthier states of India and had the second highest Per Capita Incomes in the country at 138,859 in the year 2011–12 and 128,341 in the year 2012–13 including the largest number of rural crotepati's (persons whose net worth is over 10 million rupees) in India. Haryana is also one of the most economically developed regions in South Asia and its agricultural and manufacturing industry has experienced sustained growth since the 1970s.
Once a small dusty agricultural village, Gurgaon has now emerged to become the city with the third highest per capita income in Indiabehind Chandigarh and Mumbai. It is located 30 km south of national capital New Delhi, about 10 kilometers from Dwarka sub-city and 268 km south of Chandigarh, the state capital. Over the past 25 years the city has undergone rapid development and construction. Gurgaon is one of Delhi's four major satellite cities and is part of the National Capital Region. Gurgaon is the second largest city in the Indian State of Haryana and is the industrial and financial center of Haryana. Popularly known as Millennium City,Gurgaon has the presence of about 250 or 50% of the Fortune 500 companies. Gurgaon's proximity to Delhi means easy access to political decision makers.
Maurti Suzuki Private Limited was the first company that set up a manufacturing unit in the city in 1970s making cars. Eventually, DLF Limited, a real estatecompany acquired vast stretches of land in the city. The first major American brand to set up a unit in Gurgaon was General Electricin 1997, and is regarded as the first foreign company in India that was established for outsourcingsoftware work. GE's setup in Gurgaon prompted other companies, both international as well as domestic, to follow suit. Today, Gurgaon has emerged as one of the most important offshoring centers in the world,providing outsourcing solutions in software,IT, service and sales through delivery facilities and call centers. However, due to the lack of proper public transport and the inability of most of the employees to afford a personal vehicle, most of the call centers provide pooled-in cars to and from their offices.Apart from Business Process outsourcingand IT sectors, the city is home to several other companies that specialize in domain expertise. Siemens Industry Software, in Gurgaon Business Park, made a portfolio of design software that was used by NASA to digitally design, simulate and assemble the vehicle before any physical prototypes were built. Various international companies, including Coca-Cola, Pepsi, IBM, American Express, Agilent Technologies, Microsoft, and Bank of America, have chosen Gurgaon to be their Indian corporate headquarters. All the major companies in the city depend on their own backup, given the fact that Gurgaon does not have reliable power and water supply, public transport and utilities. Retailis an important industry in Gurgaon, with the presence of 26 shopping malls. Real estate is a major force in the city's economy. Gurgaon is home to some of the nation's most valuable real estate.
Gurgaon experiences a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate. The city experiences four distinct seasons - spring, summer, autumn and winter, along with the monsoon season setting in towards the later-half of the summer. Summers, from early April to mid-October, are typically very hot and humid, with an average daily June high temperature of 104 °F (40 °C). The season experiences heat indices easily breaking 110 °F (43 °C). Winters are very cold and foggy with few sunny days, and with a December daytime average of 37.4 °F (3 °C). Spring and autumn are mild and pleasant seasons with low humidity. The monsoon season usually starts in the first week of July and continues till August. Thunderstorms are not uncommon during the Monsoon. The average annual rainfall is approximately 28.1 inches (714 mm).
Most expats prefer to have their children attend one of the international schools in New Delhi or in the surrounding National Capital Region(NCR), which includes Gurgaon,as the curricula and environments are familiar to foreign students. There are plenty of these options on offer, along with a healthy selection of private schools that use English, French and German teaching language and an Indian or international curriculum. Delhi and NCR schools are known to be some of the best in the country, so expats may find that the more popular institutions are flooded with applicants, and that admission is, therefore, difficult. It's highly recommended parents consider the travel time from home or work to the child's school when making their school choice. Traffic is congested in Delhi and the NCR, and making it from one area to the other can take over an hour, each way. Some schools have busses, however there are limits to their coverage area. Choose a school, for young students inparticular, in close proximity to the home, or a home in close proximity to the school. In Delhi and the NCR, the academic calendar year begins anywhere from April to August; the enrolment period begins around 1 September for some schools, and 1 November for other schools. Internationally mobile families are usually allowed mid-year admission; however, there may be a waiting list and there is no guarantee of acceptance.
Pedestrians and Bicycles
Most expats live within gated communities which protect them from the issues within Gurgaon. The crime graph is on a rise in Gurgaon. The city reported 89 homicides in 2012. Another rising concern is the increase in number of rapes, robberies, assaults, burglaries, thefts including motor vehicle thefts. Gurgaon is experiencing high rates of homelessness, drug abuse, gang violence and prostitution. Several street gangs operate in the city.Policing in Gurgaon is provided by Gurgaon Police, which forms a part of the Haryana Police. Gurgaon Police has a separate traffic police department headquartered in sector 51.Fire protection within the city limits is provided by Municipal Corporation of Gurgaon through four fire stations; located in sector 29, sector 37, Udyog Vihar and Bhim Nagar.
|Health Department of Haryana:||http://haryanahealth.nic.in|
Emergency: 108 |Police: 100 |Fire: 101 |Ambulance: 102 |General Inquiry - Phone: 1500